Butterfly Identification Chart

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Mocker Swallowtail

Mocker Swallowtail
Papilio dardanus

Africa

Females mimic the local poisonous butterflies. More than 100 different color patterns are known.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Constantine's Swallowtail

Constantine's Swallowtail
Papilio constantinus

Africa

Males are known to nectar along forest edges. Females tend to stay hidden in the shadows.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Rose Swallowtail

Rose Swallowtail
Pachliopta kotzebuea

SE Asia

Bright red marks warn predators of its toxicity. Many butterflies mimic this pattern to avoid being eaten.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Green Peacock Swallowtail

Green Peacock Swallowtail
Papilio palinurus

SE Asia

The intense green color is the result of yellow pigment on refracting shiny "blue" scales.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Blue Banded Swallowtail

Blue Banded Swallowtail
Papilio nireus

Africa

A common butterfly seen nectaring along forest edges and on the savanna

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Orchard Swallowtail

Orchard Swallowtail
Papilio aegeus

SE Asia / Australia

These swallowtails are commonly seen feeding in urban gardens. Females have several color forms.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Scarlet Mormon

Scarlet Mormon
Papilio rumanzovia

SE Asia

This butterfly mimics the Rose Swallowtail to keep predators away. Females have white and blue forms.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Tailed Jay

Tailed Jay
Graphium agamemnon

SE Asia / Australia

The spotted pattern helps this active butterfly to hide in the rainforest shadows.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Cattle Heart

Cattle Heart
Parides iphidamus

Central / South America

The bright red color warns predators of its bad taste.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Owl Butterfly

Owl Butterfly
Caligo eurilochus

Central / South America

The distinct owl eyespot is thought to startle predators and focus any attacks away from its delicate body.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Queen Owl Butterfly

Queen Owl Butterfly
Caligo atreus

Central / South America

The patterned wings camouflage this butterfly in the jungle shadows while it looks for mates and fruit.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Common Blue Morpho

Common Blue Morpho
Morpho peleides

Central / South America

The "blue" color comes from clear refractive scales. This butterfly can escape predators startled by the flash.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Dead Leaf Butterfly

Dead Leaf Butterfly
Kallima paralekta

SE Asia

This butterfly's underside has the shape and colors of a dried leaf and will sit motionless in the trees with its "stem" touching the branch.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Atlas Moth

Atlas Moth
Attacus atlas

SE Asia

This beautiful moth does not feed and will only live a few days while it looks for mates and hostplants. Most of its life is spent as a caterpillar.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Zebra Longwing

Zebra Longwing
Heliconius charitonius

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Small Postman

Small Postman
Heliconius erato

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Goldon Helicon

Golden Helicon
Heliconius hecale

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Tiger Longwing

Tiger Longwing
Heliconius numata

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Sapho Longwing

Sapho Longwing
Heliconius sapho

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Blue Longwing

Blue Longwing
Heliconius cydno

Longwing Butterflies Heliconiidae

Also called passionflower butterflies, are known for their bright colors and slow, lazy flight down paths and roadways. They carry poisons from the passionflower plant they ate as caterpillars and use bright colors to advertise their bad taste to predators. Many other butterflies mimic these patterns and colors to protect themselves from being eaten as well. Adults are known to live several months by digesting pollen as well as nectar.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Julia

Julia
Dryas iulia

Central / South America

The bright passionflower butterfly is commonly seen in gardens and flowerbeds.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Banded Orange

Banded Orange
Dryadula phaetusa

Central / South America

This passionflower butterfly displays the bright warning colors and patterns used by other species to avoid predators.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Common Tiger

Common Tiger
Mechanitis polymnia

Central / South America

This butterfly mimics the longwings to avoid being eaten. It does not carry any toxins from its hostplants.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Red Rim

Red Rim
Biblis hyperia

Central / South America

This butterfly likes to fly in the open and feed on a variety of nectar sources.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Royal Blue

Royal Blue
Myscelia cyaniris

Central / South America

The males sport the irridescent blue colors while perching on rotted fruit or tree trunks.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Grey Cracker

Grey Cracker
Hamadryas februa

Central / South America

Crackers were named from the sound they make when disturbed or competing for territories.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Mosaic

Mosaic
Colobera Dirce

Central / South America

The elaborate patterns on the underside help by focusing a predator on the "false head".

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Green Malachite

Green Malachite
Siproeta stelenes

Central / South America

This butterfly can be seen camouflaged under leaves along the paths and roadways.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Brown Daggerwing

Brown Daggerwing
Hypna clytemnestra

Central / South America

This butterfly lives in the lowland rainforests and uses its dark colors to hide in the shadows.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Great Orange Tip

Great Orange Tip
Hebomoia glaucippe

Africa / Asia / Australia

This impressive butterfly is found flying along rainforest rivers and paths.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Lacewing

Lacewing
Cethosia biblis

SE Asia

The intricate design on the underwings and the scalloped edges give this butterfly its name.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Great Eggfly

Great Eggfly
Hypolimnas bolina

SE Asia / Australia

The males sport an irridescent blue patch that appears when the sunlight reflects at an angle.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Clipper

Clipper
Parthenos sylvia

SE Asia / Australia

This valuable butterfly comes in the blue form in Asia but also has brown, green, and orange forms.

Butterfly House at Put-in-Bay - Butterfly Identification - Paper Kite

Paper Kite
Idea leuconoe

SE Asia / Australia

This large slow flying butterfly is a relative of the Monarch and just as distasteful.